Thursday, November 6, 2014

11/6/14: To Dos

Learning Target (the what):  Students will identify and construct main ideas, questions, and implications of historical accounts in expert groups.

Language Target (the how):  Students will discuss and evaluate their insights in jigsaw groups using of Theory of Knowledge vocabulary and IB History OPLV.

Entry Ticket: Choose One explain using an IB HOA example (anon & first name only)

To what extent can distinctions be made between factual report, biased interpretation, and calculated distortion?  

How is history be used for propaganda

To what extent is history about those who held power, and to what extent is it about ordinary people?
H. De Soto Activity

1.  Review & Discuss OPVL handout 
2.  Read & discuss expert group account (A A A)
3.  Jigsaw to discuss the various accounts (ABCDE)
4.  Which account is the most accurate in relation to the painting?

Evaluate TOK IA Outline
Oxford Skills & Practice p. 89-94
G Drive: Presentation Checklist



  1. Jemuel and Fitsume
    History is a series of events that include decisions for a body of people and decisions by a body of people. There is usually one person who finalizes all of the decisions made and usually in the end, that one person is solely to blame. For example, Hitler was the person who made the decisions to get rid of the Jews, and therefore he was to blame for the mass genocide. So in history, he was given the face of evil although he was not solely the reason for the mass genocide. The soldiers are the ones who killed the innocent, and yet they were not blamed for their actions, Hitler was. But sometimes, ordinary people can make their own decisions and disobey those who hold power. In 1917, the French army decided that it was best for them to discontinue the massacre of their fellow soldiers so they committed a mutiny. Against their leader’s orders, they made took it upon themselves to do what was right instead of what they were told. History can either be shaped by those who hold power or those who disagree and perform their own actions. But since it is rare to have ordinary people go against orders, history is mainly dictated by those who held power.

    1. Sunny, Jocelyn N, Asia
      we were interested how you involved Hitler so to what extent is it society to blame for the crimes against humanity committed? Take into account that the Red Cross actually visited some of the concentration camps and this information was out there for people to see.

  2. To what extent is history about those who held power, and to what extent is it about ordinary people?

    In the History chapter, it talked a lot about how history is selective. This suggest that people tend to take what they see as significant and put it into the history books. People who held power would have a greater influence in the minds of the people recording history as opposed to ordinary people who play a smaller part in the bigger picture. The chapter also talked about how history is massive and to collect every bit of history would be nearly impossible so we just record highlighted bits of it. This is probably why we have a tendency to only take what we see as significant, like people who held power. History has a lot to do with your own memory and what you remember is what you want to remember and not everything that happened. An ordinary person would not be recalled within a history textbook because his actions of what he did on a daily basis were not as significant as the people in power. History is mainly about what people who were in power at that moment, their perspective influenced how people of that time thought. This is seen through how history was taught versus how history is taught now.

  3. Jennifer & Jocelyn

    To what extent is history about those who held power, and to what extent is it about ordinary people?

    When thinking about history it revolves around past events and how a nation came to be. Within these past events we find ourselves thinking about commanders of a war and or a political leader. Not only this but to an extent we see that the population and civilization play a little role in this progress. History is mostly about those who held power. For example, in history, there are more discussions about those who came to power such as Hitler, instead of those who are ordinary. Hitler was considered to be among the norm then he started evolving and became a demigod because the people were tired of the recession and the unfortunate events they were going through. He soon blamed the Jewish population for what was happening and there was action taken place. However, ordinary individuals are also considered in history to short extent, event though they may have played a significant role in history. Another example of how political leaders are always put on a superior level is former president Teddy Roosevelt, he was considered to be one of the best presidents for his decision making policies. In terms of people playing a small role, the way we vote every four years makes a very little impact in history. Considering opposing views, in history ordinary individuals do play a significant role in history, and it can be seen through revolutions that have occurred in the past. For example, during the Greek revolution of 1821, ordinary individuals rebelled in order to obtain freedom from the Turks, since they shared a different religion and different culture.Lastly, another example was how the French went on strike because they found several of their battles to be useless during World War 1. This shows how ordinary people play a vital role in history.

  4. Tunji and Jesus

    How is history used for propaganda?

    History can be used for propaganda to gain the support of people around you. History is important events that happened in the past and propaganda is bias information to gain support from people. An example of History being used for propaganda is Adolf Hitler in the 1930s Hitler wanted the Nazi Party to become stronger so he used propaganda to his advantage. Hitler used propaganda to persuade to the people of Germany that the Jewish people were to blame for Germany's lost in World War I. Hitler saw the Jewish people as the problem because they were the ones in the government that allowed Germany to give up fighting in World War I. Hitler used the historic event of World War I to gain support for the Nazi Party from the non-Jewish population in Germany which was bigger than the Jewish population in Germany. Propaganda was successful for Hitler because the German people were upset in their lost in World War I and now they have a specific group of people to blame. The Nazi party became stronger due to Hitler's propaganda. The use of historic events for propaganda can lead to people grasping and agreeing to the topics of propaganda and making the person telling the propaganda seem powerful.

  5. Jocelyn, Sunny, Asia
    To what extent is history about those who held power, and to what extent is it about ordinary people?

    History is about all sorts of people, those who have power and those who we consider ordinary people. It is how the history is focused where we see biases in analyzing those who have power over ordinary people. In history of the americas, we are currently focused on WWI. We were given a list of people that were present during the Treaty of Versailles, such as President Woodrow Wilson. We connect these two often with World War I, and tend to forget the officers that actually engaged throughout the war and forget the citizens dealing with the destruction of their own countries, such as a specific German citizen. Media plays a large role in deciding who we consider those who have power. They only tend to focus on citizens that have a committed a crime and sometimes for doing a heroic action. For example, we may never connect The Black Hand with the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand because we are accustomed to connect a country with an event and go from there. We do not remember the exact person who completed the assassination, but remember the person who was assassinated. It is similar to how we view the news. When we receive news, we tend to pay no mind to it unless it is something traumatic or heroic. It is also similar to how we recall some of the heroes that are considered ordinary decisions. An example can be seen with recalling General Petain for his efforts in the Battle of Verndun in France during WWI. We tend to not be able to recall his name because it is not affecting us now.

  6. Ephraim, Telani, Kelly
    History can be used for propaganda to show a change in a specific group's role in society. When propaganda is used, it is used to shed light on different situations whether it is bad or good. In some governments, they overuse or overproduce their propaganda in order to either hide the truth or shed some light. For example, during the Second World War there was a poster titled "Rosie the Riveter." In this poster, it showed that women could do more than housekeeping. Women before this time had no part in anything with the war other than being nurses. Throughout history, women were dependent on males in terms of money and shelter. During this time of the war, the role of women has radically changed as a docile females, to females who are able to take care of machines and other "male" jobs. This time period shifted the women's roles and this poster is constantly used as an example in the representation of how far women has come from behind the male shadow.

  7. Jazmine and Nnedi

    3rd prompt

    History is made more by those who are in a higher position than ordinary people. According to the Great Person Theory, the course of history is reliant on people of high authority. Those among high authority dictate the level of importance. As a result, the greater the influence, the greater change they create from history. For example, Woodrow Wilson was president of the United States during World War 1. His position encouraged a agreement between the conflicting countries to bring about peace. He was seen as the person to enforce ways of how to deal with situations. An example of this is the 14 points he established for all countries to follow. His position and leadership initiated peace among countries. Thus, it altered the course of how war was unnecessary.

  8. Constance

    To what extent can distinctions be made between factual report, biased interpretation, and calculated distortion?

    Events in history are subject to interpretation. For example many historians debate over who is most responsible for World War One. In 1918, article 231 of the treaty of Versailles held Germany solely responsible for starting the war. However, Germans, at the time, felt that this treatment was unjustified given that there were many other factor that were out of their control. For instance, Germany came to the aid of Austria after Austria declared war on Serbia. A calculated distortion is a purposeful distortion of historical events. For example, after the Franco-Prussian war, France wanted to get revenge on the Germans of humiliating them and taking their territory. As a result, when the Treaty of Versailles was created France wanted to punish Germany by demilitarizing the Rhinelands and to put handicaps on their government. A factual report is a report containing quantitative data. While this is helpful and the least subject to bias, it can omit details that tell the nature of the situation.

  9. Obichi & Ashley

    Making a distinction between factual report, biased interpretation, and calculated distortion, in history can be very difficult. This is because the latter two are often presented as factual report. Further more, the three can be integrated into one another. If one want to make a biased proposition against a specific group, they may use factual reports in order to support their perspective. For example in the treaty of Versailles an argument is essentially built against Germany was a biased interpretation of who started the war, and should take the blame, but it is still considered a factual report. Further more in the Fay Thesis, Fay uses facts about the war to build his argument that Germany was not solely responsible for the war. Fey talked about what the different countries did in contribution to starting the war. This thesis is a factual report and a biased interpretation. Although he was covering other perspectives, he was trying to find reasons into blaming the other countries. Reading the treaty of Versailles will show you that there are more than one arguments concerning war blame.

  10. Catherine & Vaskia

    How is history used for propaganda?

    With history, propaganda is used to sway the opinions of people to one side of a situation. For example, after the Germans used the U boats to torpedo the Lusitania, the US government favored the allied groups. Before the event, they were neutral. They used posters to sway the citizens to favor the allied groups as well. These posters showed a picture of the destroyed boat and said "shall this continue?, Join the Navy". They used the posters to sway people to one side and persuade them to join the navy to fight for the cause. Newspapers were also used to persuade people to one side. They often exaggerated news that occurred during the conflicts such as World War 1 to sway opinions. Normally, newspapers would exaggerate events that occurred in other countries to influence how people perceived them. They usually aimed to make people perceive the opposing countries in a negative way.

  11. Akorede O.
    Stanley C.

    What we record of history is according to those who have power. This is evident in todays society as we view WW2. There are negative connotations about how we view the war and those who fought on the Axis side of the conflict. Today, Germany and Hitler take the blame as "bad" countries in the war because the allied countries won. In the IB HOA class, we discussed how if the axis had won the war, Axis would have been flagged as great imperialists in Europe. We learned in IB HOA that History is usually from the perspectives of great leaders and rarely of the people governed by these leaders and we study important people and their significance in starting or their actions with in History. Word of mouth might be passed on but it becomes folklore eventually, however history recorded by leaders stays and stands for years to come.

  12. Alicia, Lashawnda, and Uchechi

    First off, it is important to define the key terms. We define power as the ability to make change in terms influencing others. Ordinary people typically have less recognition in history, compared to someone with power, thus the have less influence in history. Two examples of both arguments would include Emmett Till and Adolf Hitler. Hitler was a person who had power and have a major influence on the world. But on the other side, Emmett Till, an ordinary African American person from the South, only received recognition of the horror that he received, as well as the person he was, after his death. This shows how ordinary people have AN affect on the ideals of society, someone in power will have more access to broadcasting his ideals on society. Adolf HItler had access to an entire audience, not only because of his power level, but social status as well, thus causing a world war, while Emmett Till, who already was at a disadvantage due to his social status, thus would not be recognized until he was massacred.


Thanks for posting!!